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Horse Bridge, Cornwall
River Tamar, Horsebridge, Cornwall
associated engineer
date  1437
UK era  Medieval  |  category  Bridge  |  reference  SX400748
ICE reference number  HEW 1544
Horse Bridge was built in 1437, possibly by French Benedictine monks, under an indulgence of 40 days granted to all penitents by Bishop Lacy. It is the middle of three ancient crossing points on the River Tamar. The others are at Greystone and Gunnislake.
It is likely that Horse and Greystone Bridges were the work of the same builder. Both bridges are constructed from local stone with freestone dressings. The patron of these bridges may have been one of the Abbots of Tavistock, who owned large estates between the two bridges.
Horse Bridge has six two-order semicircular main arches of 6.1m span and one flood arch of 4.7m. The height of the central piers from river bed to parapet is 9.1m.
During the English Civil War, on 26th July 1644, the Earl of Essex crossed the Tamar at Horse Bridge with a Parliamentarian force of 10,000 men and advanced into Cornwall.
Horse Bridge is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
Research: ECPK
reference sources   CEH South

Horse Bridge, Cornwall